Theory: (noun) a particular conception or view of something to be done or of the method of doing it; a system of rules or principles.
Action: (noun) the process or state of acting or being active; something being done or performed, and act or deed; an act that one consciously wills that may be characterized by physical or mental activity
Yesterday morning, I woke up to a phenomenon. My entire twitter timeline was flooded with #KONY2012, which I initially thought meant King of New York. When I finally reached a desktop computer, I got the chance to see what all the fuss was about. Joseph Kony, leader of the Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA) – which was based in Uganda some years ago – is the subject of the latest documentary by Jason Russell, co-founder of Invisible Children. Through genius viral social media marketing, the short video went from having 30 hits on Monday, to over 36 million views by Thursday afternoon. The point of the film, according to Russell, is to make Joseph Kony “famous” the same way celebrities are famous. He hopes that in doing this, he’ll garner the attention of the International Courts and bring Kony to justice. The video, which is roughly 30 minutes long and quite emotional, focuses on the story of Jacob. As a young Ugandan boy, Jacob was captured by the LRA and forced to fight for Joseph Kony’s vaguely Christian agenda to maintain control in Uganda. The Kony 2012 Campaign relies on our emotions to generate sympathy for these young children. It’s important to take a critical look at these tactics.
While the film’s intention is to raise awareness, in less than 24 hours there was another hashtag that was beginning to gain popularity: #StopStopKony2012. African bloggers throughout the Diaspora rose up swiftly in unison to call the Kony 2012 movement a sham. They highlighted a few key points:
- Joseph Kony and his “invisible children” aren’t anything new to most people in the region since Kony and the LRA has been in central Africa for over 20 years.
- Invisible Children has raised about $8 million and given only a third of that money to support efforts on the ground in Uganda. The rest of these funds have gone to salaries and administrative costs. Charity Navigator, which grades the transparency and financial earnings of charitable organizations, gives Invisible Children a 2-star rating (out of a possible 4).
- Unlike most nonprofit organizations, Invisible Children endorses violence. It supports military action by the Ugandan army and the Sudan People’s Liberation Army. Similarly to Joseph Kony’s LRA, both of these military forces have been accused of rape and looting.
- Kony and his forces moved from Northern Uganda over 5 years ago and is rumored to be based in the Congo or the Sudan.
- Perhaps most importantly, Ugandans have cried out that the film perpetuates negative Western stereotypes about Uganda in particular and Africa in general as lawless places with nameless children. While these children may have been “invisible” to usfor years, in reality, Ugandan children have very real identities and communities that are not completely helpless. There is one African with a voice in the film.
While there are many issues people have with the Kony 2012 Campaign, it can’t be denied that Jason Russell’s film has succeeded in drawing awareness to the horrendous issue of child soldiers. People are genuinely concerned with the actions of the LRA. We can go a step beyond Invisible Children’s campaign and donate our time and money to organizations that have effective long term projects on the ground. Here are 5 organization that do significant work eradicating the use of child soldiers, resolving conflict in Uganda and empowering women in the region.
- The International Rescue Committee – With programs for former child soldiers in Burundi, Democratic Republic of Congo, Ivory Coast, Liberia and Uganda, this international nonprofit organization provides immediate protection, health care and critical emotional support to children who have been demobilized or have escaped from armed forces. IRC programs in Norther Uganda have a particular focus on helping the girls who were abducted through access to education and vocational training.
- UNICEF – Since the 1980s, UNICEF has advocated and secured the release of children from armed forces in conflict-affected countries including Afghanistan, Angola, Burundi, Central African Republic, Colombia, Cote d’Ivoire, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Guinea-Bissau, Liberia, Mozambique, Nepal, Rwanda, Sierra Leone, Somalia, Sri Lanka, Sudan and Uganda. In Uganda, UNICEF focuses disarming child soldiers, ensuring children are not living in barracks and assist in the reintegration of child soldiers into their communities.
- School for International Training (SIT) – A program of World Learning, SIT’s study abroad program in northern Uganda allows college students to spend 15 weeks examining the origins of the conflict in northern Uganda. Specifically, students explore issues of identity construction in the Ugandan context, ongoing efforts by Ugandans to advance peace, community building, and reconciliation, and work in the areas of post-conflict transformation, peacebuilding, sustainable reconciliation, and community development.
- The Great Lakes Center for Conflict Resolution (GLACCR) – Established in 2008, GLACCR works to strengthen local institutions, provide opportunities for dialogue, and influence policy through research and advocacy in northern Uganda. These activities have the aim of mitigating the impact of the the violent armed conflicts in the region and prevent future conflicts in Northern Uganda.
- The Women’s Refugee Commission – Though not specific to Uganda, The Women’s Refugee Commission advocates for effective programs to prevent and respond to gender-based violence in conflict and post-conflict areas. Currently, The Women’s Refugee Commission is currently piloting projects in Ethiopia, Kenya and Uganda to help identify the most successful ways for displaced girls to empower themselves.
by Folashade Kornegay
Update: We love this blog post by Brian McNeil on Not Even Past which explores the history of American humanitarian intervention, the dichotomy of good and evil, and the effect of George W. Bush neoconservative foreign policies on our moral imperatives.